A Brief History of Fort Douglas

In the midst of the Civil War, Colonel Patrick Edward Connor and the California-Nevada Volunteers were ordered to the Utah Territory for the purpose of guarding the Overland Mail Route; they arrived in October of 1862.  Concerned about secessionist activities in the area, Colonel Connor chose a location that allowed him to keep an eye on the Mormons.  The Post was originally called Camp Douglas, in honor of the recently deceased Illinois Senator Stephen A. Douglas who had been an ally of the West.  The regiment established a garrison, gained military supremacy over the indigenous cultures, and began successful prospecting for mineral wealth in the surrounding mountains.

 

By the late 1860s, the mutual distrust between the Army and the Mormons gave way to wary accommodation.  The Mormons remained loyal to the Union and the Army’s presence provided Salt Lake City with a much-needed infusion of money.  By 1866, the California-Nevada Volunteers had all been discharged and replaced by army regulars from the 18th Infantry.


Camp Douglas became increasingly important
 in the western military establishment as a  supply center for the fast moving cavalry Fort Douglas in 1915during the 1870s.  As a result, in 1878, Camp Douglas became Fort Douglas.  Toward the end of the century, the Indian Wars ended, but conflict with Spain increased.  In 1901, Fort Douglas was upgraded to Regimental Headquarters where troops were trained for service elsewhere.

During the two World Wars, the Post served as a mobilization and training garrison, as well as a prisoner of war camp.  In 1940, Fort Douglas was comprised of three separate bases: the Fort, Salt LakeFort Douglas in 1936Airbase, and Wendover Bombing and Gunnery Range.  In fact, the 7th Bomb Group, the unit that flew into Pearl Harbor the morning it was bombed, had been training at and left from Fort Douglas.  During the Second World War, Fort Douglas served as the headquarters for the Ninth Service Command and as a reception and separation center.  In the years since World War II, Fort Douglas has served as headquarters for Reserve and National Guard units and as a support detachment for military activities in the area.  The historic area of Fort Douglas was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1970.

 

A tradition of granting and selling excess land and property to others in the area has existed throughout the history of the Post.  At one time, the Post contained 10,525 acres; today the military occupies 58 acres.  In 1874, Congress set aside 50 acres of the southwest corner of the Post as a public cemetery, which became Mt. Olivet Cemetery.  In 1909 an additional 60 acres of the Post were added to the cemetery.  Congress also granted 60 acres to the University of Utah in 1894, an additional 32 acres in 1906, and another 61.5 acres in 1932.

In 1945, 49 acres at the mouth of Emigration Canyon were granted to the Utah Pioneer Trails and Landmarks Association.  In 1946, the Shriners bought several acres of land at the north boundary of the Post to build their hospital.  In 1947, the motor pool area located just west ofFort Douglas in 1991the Annex Building was granted to the National Guard.  In 1948, 25 acres were transferred to the Veterans Administration for the construction of the Veterans Hospital on Foothill Boulevard.  This same year, Salt Lake City obtained the triangular portion that is located between the University and the Veterans Hospital; the Bureau of Mines received 10 acres; several acres between Mount Olivet Cemetery and Guardsman Way were transferred to the Utah National Guard; and the University of Utah acquired another 299 acres.  In 1970, the several thousand-acre Red Butte watershed was transferred to the Forest Service, and the University of Utah was granted the area now occupied by Research Park.

It was proposed that the Post be closed in the 1860s, just prior toFort Douglas today World War I; just after World War II; in 1967; in 1978; and again in 1988.  The Post survived all of these but the last.  Consequently, Federal Legislation was passed in 1991 transferring approximately 51 acres, and any lands declared excess to the needs of the Army in the future, to the University of Utah in exchange for state lands.  In 1998, approximately 12 more acres were transferred to the University.  The southern portion of Fort Douglas, including the historic buildings on Soldiers Circle, continues to be used as the headquarters of the 96th Army Reserve Command and as a base of operation for U.S. Navy and Marine Reserves.

Fort Douglas has played an important role in Utah’s economic, political, and social history.  Its contributions to national defense have been equally distinctive.  The Post and its buildings have also contributed significantly to Utah’s architectural heritage and have been an integral part of the University of Utah’s history.

LASSONDE STUDIOS WINS SXSWEDU LEARN X DESIGN AWARDS

We’re thrilled to share that Lassonde Studios of the University of Utah’s Lassonde Entrepreneur Institute has been named the overall winner of the SXSWedu Learn X Design awards in the physical category. The award further solidifies Lassonde Studios as arguably the most innovative built learning facility in the world from the past year.

One of the premier education innovation conferences, SXSWedu launched its Learn by Design program to celebrate projects that are revolutionizing the way space design can enrich learning outcomes. The awards focused on three categories: Experiential, Conceptual and Physical, and selected just 15 projects from across the world as finalists.

Mehrdad Yazdani (left) of the Yazdani Studio of CannonDesign and University of Utah’s Troy D’Ambrosio presented the project to a panel of four judges at the SXSWedu conference to clinch the overall award.

One of five finalists in the Physical category, Lassonde Studios is a stand-out project for our firm and the University of Utah. The building redefines entrepreneurial education by uniting more than 400 unique student residences and 20,000 square feet of innovation space where any student on campus can build a prototype, attend an event or start a business. The project has previously been featured by the New York TimesArchitectural DigestFast Company, BusinessWeek and more.

Mehrdad Yazdani of the Yazdani Studio of CannonDesign and University of Utah’s Troy D’Ambrosio presented the project to a panel of four judges at the SXSWedu conference to clinch the overall award on March 7, 2017. CannonDesign designed the building in association with EDA Architects.

HISTORIC BELL RETURNS HOME TO U CAMPUS

UNIQUE PIECE OF UTAH AND U.S. NAVY HISTORY RETURNS FOR ANNIVERSARY OF ATTACK ON PEARL HARBOR

Original article by: Shawn Wood


On Dec. 7, the bell from the USS UTAH, one of the first ships lost during the attack on Pearl Harbor, will return home and be placed on display in the Naval Science building at the University of Utah. An intimate program, which is free and open to the public, will be held at 10:30 a.m. Representative Steve Handy and Captain Mark Springer, USN, commanding officer and professor of Naval Science at the U, will provide remarks.

In August 2016, the bell was cut from its mooring and transported to Newport, Rhode Island, and the Naval War College’s Senior Enlisted Academy. This facility prepares senior and master chief petty officers for the highest enlisted leadership and advisory positions in the Navy.

Following its time in Rhode Island, the bell was transferred to Richmond, Virginia, for conservation. This one-of-a-kind artifact is an original operational piece of the ship. Ship’s bells are an important safety and signaling tool. The bell would have been used to communicate with other ships as well as help prevent collisions in inclement weather or restricted harbors. Bells are still used today on all Navy ships for a variety of purposes.

About the USS Utah

Originally commissioned in 1909 and completed in 1911, the battleship USS UTAH (BB-31) was the first ship in the U.S. Navy to be named after the state of Utah. She was part of U.S. action during the Mexican Revolution in 1914 and was stationed at Bantry Bay, Ireland, during World War I and protected North Atlantic convoys from German raids. Between the wars, the USS UTAH served in peacetime training on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean and carried a major diplomatic mission to South America. After World War II, she was converted to a mobile target ship, reclassified from a BB to an AG, and all major weapons were removed. In the early morning of Dec. 7, 1941, she took two torpedoes in the attack on Pearl Harbor, and by 8:12 a.m., the USS UTAH rolled onto her side and sunk.

The bell from the ship resided in front of the U’s Naval Science building from the 1960s until last year when the Naval War College requested to borrow it for its 35th anniversary. It also coincided with the 27th anniversary of Tomich Hall, named after Chief Watertender Peter Tomich. Tomich earned the Medal of Honor for his actions during the attack on Pearl Harbor. As the ship began to capsize, he remained below deck, in the boiler room, helping numerous shipmates evacuate and secure equipment. He remained at his station until overcome by flooding and damage. Tomich was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor.